Edinburgh Castle

You can’t fail to notice Edinburgh Castle when you arrive in the Scottish capital. This fortress domineers the Edinburgh skyline and is a must-visit on your trip to Edinburgh. It stands proud and imposing on a 700 million year old extinct volcano above the city.

The castle has been present since the 12th century and a great deal of the medieval structure was destroyed during one the 26 sieges that happened in the castle’s 1000-year history. It was, in fact, besieged more than any other place in Europe! The castle walls have, however, managed to withstand the violence of the Jacobite rising and the long and bloody Wars of Scottish Independence (1296 – 1357). It is also the birthplace of James VI and you can even see the small chamber where Mary Queen of Scots gave birth to her son, the future King James VI (& I). The castle eventually became recognised as a visitor attraction in the 1800s, during the reign of Queen Victoria, and various parts were refurbished or rebuilt.

Read on for some of our top tips for your visit to Edinburgh Castle.

How to get to Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle is located in the city centre at the top end of the Royal Mile – you can’t miss it! The best way to get to Edinburgh Castle is to take public transport to the city and to walk up the Royal Mile to the castle.

Here’s the exact location on googlemaps

If you’re arriving by train to Waverley station, follow exit signs for Edinburgh Castle. There are a lot steps to climb and steep lanes to walk up so take your time.

The Hop on Hop off tourist bus makes a stop at the castle and is a great option if you’re planning on going on the bus tour.

You can also come by car, however, parking can be expensive and busy. NCP’s Edinburgh Castle Terrace car park is about a 10 minute walk to the castle.

Where to buy tickets to Edinburgh Castle

Canon at Edinburgh castle

We strongly recommend that you buy your tickets in advance online. You will save both time (no queueing to purchase tickets) and you’ll save money (about £2 per ticket). You’ll be allocated a specific time slot for your visit.

Alternatively you can buy a 7 day explorer pass which will give you access to all Historic Scotland sites over a 7 day  period (click on link above to get full details). This is definitely worthwhile if you’re planning on visiting several Historic Scotland sites during your visit.

You might also want to purchase a special skip-the-line ticket that includes a guided tour by clicking here or by checking availability below!

What are Edinburgh Castle’s Opening Hours?

Edinburgh Castle Opening Hours

Edinburgh Castle is open every day of the year apart from Christmas Day and Boxing Day (25 + 26 December). They’re even open on New Year’s Day although operate reduced opening hours (11am  – 5pm).

Opening hours change depending on the time of year:

Summer

1st April – 30 September: 9:30 – 6pm (last entry at 5pm)

Winter 

1st October – 31 March: 9:30 – 5pm (last entry at 4pm)

There is a café on site should you feel the need for a recharge.

How much does it cost to visit Edinburgh Castle?

Edinburgh Castle from the Esplanade

The cost varies depending on whether you buy online or directly at the castle. You can also book your audioguide (at a cost) and buy a guidebook at the same time as you book your tickets online. Here are the admission fees for advance purchases made online:

  • Adult (16-64 yrs): £19.50
  • Concession (65 yrs+ and unemployed): £15.50
  • Child (5-15 yrs): £11.40
  • Child under 5: £0.00 (free!)
  • Young Scot card holder: £1 (bargain!), click here to book

Save yourself some money and buy them online! You can also buy family tickets. Entrance is free if you have an Explorer Pass  or an Historic Scotland membership. You can also hire audio guides which will set you back a few pounds (pass holders should get a discount).

Can you visit Edinburgh Castle for free?

Canon + view towards Calton Hill from Edinburgh Castle

Apart from those with an Explorer Pass or Historic Scotland memberships, there’s one week-end in the year where you can get free entry to Edinburgh Castle. Be warned though, the process for obtaining the tickets can be quite time-consuming. The free tickets are available as part of the St Andrews week-end celebrations (end of November). You will need to go onto the castle website and enter a queuing system for their ticket give away. All details are on their website, however, the page about the giveaway isn’t published until nearer the time so keep an eye on it or sign up to their newsletter for updates! We’ll also be sharing the information on our Facebook page once the ticket giveaway goes live.

Best time to visit Edinburgh Castle

Row of cannons at Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh castle is the most popular tourist attraction in Scotland and has recently broken the 2 million visitors per year barrier. As you can imagine, the queues can get long and the site very crowded – especially during peak season. We would recommend that you visit the castle during shoulder season and avoid the month of August and Christmas/Hogmanay time. Week-ends also attract larger crowds and if possible, we suggest you schedule your visit for a week day.

The one o’clock gun is very popular and is definitely a highlight, however, the downside is that it concentrates numbers even more at that time of days. So if you’re looking to avoid crowds, the best time of day to visit Edinburgh Castle would be early morning.

How long to visit Edinburgh Castle?

Signs within Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle is a relatively large site and we recommend allowing at least 2 hours to get round it. We suggest you head there at opening time (9:30am) and enjoy a couple of hours’ leisurely visit.

>> Top Tip: Head straight to the Crown Jewels as they are very popular and the site gets busy very quickly. <<

By noon, you’ll likely have been round most of the fortress site and you can take the opportunity to have a bite for lunch. This will allow you to be at the Castle for the famous 1 o’clock gun. Visitors start gathering for the firing of the gun at about 12:45 pm so make your way then too so that you can get the best view!

Visiting Edinburgh Castle with kids?

Kids quiz at Edinburgh Castle
Fun explorer quiz for kids! Children will enjoy their fact-finding mission where they’ll be challenged to answer 13 different questions about the castle.

We’ve visited Edinburgh Castle many times with our kids – from when they were toddlers to tweens. We were gifted a yearly Historic Scotland membership for Christmas one year (awesome gift by the way!) and it gave us the perfect opportunity to visit this formidable fortress on a number of occasions.

We did find it difficult to navigate round the castle with a buggy (stroller) due to the many cobblestoned areas so if possible, avoid bringing one or use a sling (depends on the age of your child obviously).

There’s a great kids’ quiz for children aged 5+ which we encourage you to pick up at the audio guide booth. This will really engage your children and bring the visit to life. The quiz sends them on a fact-finding mission where they’ll need to count the number of steps on Lang Stairs, find out the name of the famous medieval cannon and much more. Their efforts will be rewarded with a sticker at the end of their visit.

And why not purchase a book on Edinburgh Castle for kids ahead of your visit? Check out this book which has been produced by Historic Scotland. We love to provide some historical context before we visit a historical tourist attraction. We have the previous version of the book and our kids love it.

Edinburgh Castle Highlights

If you’re wondering what to do at Edinburgh Castle, here are some of our top recommendations.

One O’Clock Gun

1 o'clock gun Edinburgh castle

Back in 1861 somebody had the idea of firing a gun from the castle every day at one o’clock. This allowed ships in the Firth of Forth to set their clocks by it and this tradition continues to this day.

Top tip: attending the 1 o’clock gun is obviously very popular so be prepared for the crowds. It’s also worth noting that there are times when the 1 o’clock gun does not take place so don’t get caught out! There is NO 1 o’clock gun on Sundays, Christmas Day and Good Friday.

Mons Meg

Mons Meg at Edinburgh Castle
Medieval cannon that could fire a 150kg stone ball up to 2 miles away!

Sticking with the theme of guns don’t miss out on seeing Mons Meg, an ancient cannon from 1457 which could send 150kg up to 3.3km away! It was a medieval times weapon of mass destruction although you couldn’t be in a rush when using it. Weighing in at 6 tonnes, it had to be transported with a team of horses, oxen and men at a pace of 15 kms (or 9 miles) a day.  It was even famously fired at the celebrations of Mary Queen of Scots wedding.

Stone of Destiny and Scottish Crown Jewels

Entrance to Crown Jewels - Edinburgh Castle
You’re not allowed to take pictures inside so this is the best I could get! The Scottish Crown Jewels are referred to as ‘The Honours of Scotland’.

A must-see are the Stone of Destiny (a sacred object used for the coronation of Kings) and the 15th  century Scottish crown jewels. The Jewels are the oldest in the Britain – yes, even older than the crown jewels kept at the Tower of London! They consist of a gorgeous gold crown complete with pearls and gem stones, while the sceptre and the sword were a gift from the pope and made in Italy. The crown jewels were made with Scottish gold as well as King James V’s  melted down crown. Scottish gold is very rare and as they didn’t have enough, they had to melt down the King’s crown.

>> Top Tip: We recommend you start your visit to Edinburgh Castle with the Crown Jewels as they’re a popular attraction and draw large crowds. <<

The Great Hall

The Great Hall at Edinburgh Castle

Head to the heart of the Castle – Crown Square – where you’ll find the impressive Great Hall which was commissioned by James IV and was completed in 1511. You can’t fail to be impressed by the amazing medieval wooden roof. The Great Hall was built to host banquets and especially as a means for the King to show off his great wealth. There are lots of weapons on display if that’s your bag.

National War Museum of Scotland

Soldier

Given its history, it’s no surprise that there is a strong military presence at the castle even today. Within the castle boundaries, visitors can experience the National War Museum of Scotland and the Scottish National War Memorial.

Prisons of War

Prisoner of War Museum - Edinburgh Castle
A recreation of the living conditions for prisoners of war back in the 1700s & 1800s.

Don’t overlook the Prisons of War re-creation which is designed to show you just how gruesome prison life was. Lovely. This is where prisoners of war and pirates would have been held in the 1700s and the 1800s. There were many French and American prisoners who were captured and kept at the castle during the American War of Independence. You’ll get to check out prisoners’ graffiti which included one of the earliest depictions of the American stars and stripes flag!

St Margaret’s Chapel

St Margarets Chapel at Edinburgh Castle
The oldest building in Edinburgh Castle AND in Edinburgh itself!

St Margaret’s Chapel is actually the oldest building in Edinburgh! It was built around 1130 in honour of Queen Margaret by her son, King David I, following her death. She was known for her many charitable actions and was canonized by the Pope in 1250. It’s a tiny chapel and there’s a distinct feeling of calm within the walls of this building.

The Views Across Edinburgh

View towards Arthur Seat from Edinburgh Castle
View towards Arthur Seat from Edinburgh Castle.

You’ll get an amazing panoramic view across Edinburgh from the Castle – views to Arthur’s Seat, Calton Hill,  Edinburgh’s New Town, down Princes Street and across to the Firth of Forth. You’ll find some great instagrammable spots at the Castle!

We hope you’ve found our guide to visiting Edinburgh Castle useful! You can leave us a comment if there’s anything else you’d like us to cover.

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